While computers are now an important part of human life, there was a time when computers did not exist. Knowing the history of computers and how much progress has been made can help you understand how complex and innovative the creation of computers was.
Unlike most devices, the computer is one of the few inventions that does not have one particular inventor. Throughout the development of computers, many people have added their creations to the list of what is needed to make computers work. Some inventions are different types of computers, and some of them are necessary parts to allow computers to be further developed.
Perhaps the most important date in the history of computers is 1936. It was in this year that the first “computer” was developed. It was created by Konrad Zuse and dubbed the Z1 Computer. This computer stands as the first because it was the first fully programmable system. There were devices before this, but none had the computing power that set it apart from other electronics.
It wasn’t until 1942 that any business saw advantages and opportunities in computers. This first company, called ABC computers, was owned and operated by John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry. Two years later, the Harvard Mark I computer was developed, advancing computational science.
Over the next few years, inventors around the world began looking for more studies about computers, and how to improve them. The next ten years saw the introduction of the transistor, which would become an essential part of the workings of computers, the ENIAC 1 computer, as well as many other types of systems. The ENIAC 1 was perhaps one of the most interesting, as it required 20,000 vacuum tubes to operate. It was a huge machine, and started a revolution to build smaller and faster computers.
The computer era was forever changed with the introduction of International Business Machines, or IBM, into the computing industry in 1953. This company, throughout the history of computing, has been a major player in the development of new systems and servers for the public. . and personal use. This introduction brought with it the first tangible signs of competition in the history of computing, which helped spur the development of faster and better computers. Their first contribution was the IBM 701 EDPM Computer.
Developing Programming Language
A year later, the first successful high-level programming language was created. It is a programming language that is not written in ‘assembly’ or binary, which is considered a very low level language. FORTRAN was written so that more people could easily get started with computer programming.
In 1955, Bank of America, along with the Stanford Research Institute and General Electric, saw the creation of the first computers for use in banks. MICR, or Magnetic Ink Character Recognition, coupled with an actual computer, ERMA, was a breakthrough for the banking industry. It wasn’t until 1959 that a pair of systems came into use in actual banks.
During 1958, one of the most important breakthroughs in the history of computers occurred, the creation of the integrated circuit. This device, also known as a chip, is one of the basic requirements for modern computer systems. On every motherboard and card in a computer system, there are several chips that contain information about what the board and card do. Without this chip, the system as we know it today could not function.
Games, Mouse & Internet
For many computer users today, games are an important part of the computing experience. 1962 saw the creation of the first computer game, created by Steve Russell and MIT, which was dubbed Spacewar.
The mouse, one of the most basic components of the modern computer, was invented in 1964 by Douglass Engelbart. It gets its name from the “tail” that points outward from the device.
One of the most important aspects of today’s computers was invented in 1969. ARPA net was the original Internet, which provided the basis for the Internet we know today. This development will result in the evolution of knowledge and business across the planet.
It wasn’t until 1970 that Intel entered the stage with the first dynamic RAM chips, which was an explosion of computer science innovation.
Behind the RAM chip was the first microprocessor, which was also designed by Intel. These two components, in addition to the chip developed in 1958, will become one of the core components of modern computers.
A year later, the floppy disk was created, getting its name from the versatility of the storage unit. This is the first step that allows most people to transfer bits of data between computers that are not connected.
The first network card was created in 1973, allowing the transfer of data between connected computers. It is similar to the Internet, but allows computers to connect without using the Internet.
The emergence of the Home PC
The next three years were very important for computers. This is when the company started developing systems for the average consumer. The Scelbi computer, Mark-8 Altair, IBM 5100, Apple I and II, TRS-80, and Commodore Pet were pioneers in this field. Although expensive, these machines started the trend for computers in the common household.
One of the greatest difficulties in computer software occurred in 1978 with the release of the VisiCalc Spreadsheet program. All development costs were paid within two weeks, which made this one of the most successful programs in computer history.
1979 was perhaps one of the most important years for the home computer user. This was the year that WordStar, the first word processing program, was released to the public for sale. This drastically changed the usability of computers for everyday users.
The IBM Home computer quickly helped revolutionize the consumer market in 1981, as it was affordable for both homeowners and standard consumers. 1981 also saw the mega-giant Microsoft enter the stage with the MS-DOS operating system. This operating system has completely changed computing forever, as it is easy enough for everyone to learn.
Competition Begins: Apple vs. Microsoft
The computer saw another important change during 1983. The Apple Lisa computer was the first with a graphical user interface, or GUI. Most modern programs contain a GUI, which makes it easy to use and pleasing to the eye. This marked the beginning of the release of most text-only programs.
Beyond this point in the history of computers, many changes and changes have occurred, from the Apple-Microsoft war, to the development of microcomputers and various computer breakthroughs that have become an accepted part of our daily lives. Without the early steps of computer history, none of this would have been possible.